The Korean Society for Journalism & Communication Studies (KSJCS)
[ Article ]
Korean Journal of Journalism & Communication Studies - Vol. 65, No. 1, pp.5-34
ISSN: 2586-7369 (Online)
Print publication date 28 Feb 2021
Received 11 Dec 2020 Revised 29 Jan 2021 Accepted 05 Feb 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20879/kjjcs.2021.65.1.005

소셜 뉴스 이용과 뉴스 관여가 세대별 정치 참여 행동에 미치는 영향

권예지** ; 이지영*** ; 양소은****
**한국방송광고진흥공사 미디어광고연구소 연구위원 yeji@kobaco.co.kr
***호주 캔버라대학교 커뮤니케이션학과 교수 Jee.Lee@canberra.edu.au
****서울대학교 언론정보연구소 객원연구원 soeun022@snu.ac.kr
Social News Use and News Engagement on Civic Engagement
Yeji Kwon** ; Jee Young Lee*** ; Soeun Yang****
**Research Fellow, Korea Broadcast Advertising Corporation, Media & Advertising Research Institute, 1st author yeji@kobaco.co.kr
***Lecturer, School of Arts and Communication, Faculty of Arts and Design, University of Canberra Jee.Lee@canberra.edu.au
****Research Associate, Institute of Communication Research, Seoul National University, corresponding author soeun022@snu.ac.kr

초록

이 연구는 뉴스 이용을 커뮤니케이션 관점에서 살펴 소셜 뉴스 이용과 전통 뉴스 이용이 뉴스 댓글 및 공유에 미치는 영향, 이들이 정치 참여에 미치는 영향, NIE 경험의 조절 역할을 청소년과 성인 세대로 나누어 비교하고자 했다. 이를 위해 한국언론진흥재단이 공개한 <2016 10대 청소년 미디어 이용 조사>와 <2016 언론수용자 의식조사> 자료를 활용하여 분석했다. 연구 결과, 청소년과 성인 모두에서 소셜 뉴스 이용은 뉴스 댓글과 뉴스 공유와의 정적인 관계가 확인되었다. 그리고 뉴스 댓글과 뉴스 공유는 서명 참여와 정적인 관계를 보였다. 소셜 뉴스 환경에서 일상에서 일어나는 뉴스 댓글과 뉴스 공유라는 행위가 궁극적으로 정치 참여에 긍정적인 역할을 할 수있음을 제시한다. 구체적인 결과들에서 소셜 뉴스 중에서도 메시징서비스 기반 뉴스와 SNS 기반 뉴스의 차이가, 뉴스 관여 중에서도 뉴스 댓글과 뉴스 공유 간의 차이가 확인되었다. 이는 어떠한 사회적 관계망에 기반한 뉴스 이용과 뉴스 관련 대화인지를 살필 필요성을 제기한다. 마지막으로, 뉴스 관련 교육인 NIE 경험은 청소년의 뉴스 댓글에, 성인의 뉴스 공유에 유의한 관계를 나타냈으며, 서명 참여에는 청소년과 성인 모두 유의한 관계가 발견되었다. NIE 경험은 성인에서만 조절 효과가 나타났다. 이같은 연구 결과들을 바탕으로 이론적 및 실천적 함의를 논했다.

Abstract

Adolescents’ sharing of digital news is an increasingly significant issue within the field of digital citizenship, and accessing and using digital information has been shown to affect their lives and futures. This study seeks to understand the impact of young people’s engagement with news-related communication and news literacy education on their news consumption and civic engagement by examining the differences in the significance of factors between adolescent and adult groups. A secondary data analysis was conducted using national survey datasets on youth news media use (13 to 18 years old, N=1,665) and Korean news media use (18 to 60 years old, N=3,799).

This study reveals that news access via social media is positively correlated with news engagement (commenting and sharing) regardless of age cohort. However, significant generational gaps in media, which determine the influence of social news use on news commenting and sharing practices, are observed in our regression models. News literacy education is related to engagement with news commenting for adolescents and news sharing for adults. For adolescents, news literacy education is related to increased participation in online public discussions, whereas for adults, it is related to increases in news sharing on different platforms.

This study reaffirms the path from news use to news engagement and the paths from news engagement to civic engagement. Also, the media for social news are important to increasing civic engagement. Our findings suggest that social news shared via messaging apps significantly predicts civic engagement among adolescents; whereas social news shared via social media significantly predicts civic engagement among adults. Recently, researchers have begun to recognize the different news consumption practices that occur within the different types of online spheres where different types of social networks are based. Our results confirm these different practices depending on the type of social network and the generational differences in networked news engagement and sharing practices. As news engagement of news consumers, which was not prominent in the context of conventional news consumption, has become more readily available in the digital news environment, the significance of news engagement is highlighted in this study. This study will further discuss the impact of news commenting and sharing practices on online civic communication among adolescents.

Keywords:

social news use, commenting, news sharing, civic engagement, newspaper in education

키워드:

소셜 뉴스 이용, 커뮤니케이션 매개 모델, 뉴스 댓글, 뉴스공유, NIE

Acknowledgments

This study was awarded 2018 Korea Press Foundation’s 3rd Annual News Audiences and Journalists’ Statistical Research Award and presented at the 2018 Autumn Korean Society For Journalism And Communication Studies Conference and 2019 International Communication Association Conference (이 논문은 한국언론진흥재단의 제3회 언론수용자‧언론인 의식조사 통계 활용 학술대회에 선정되어 2018년 가을철 한국언론학회 학술대회에서 발표한 논문, 2019년 국제커뮤니케이션학회(International Communication Association)에서 발표한 논문을 수정 ‧ 보완한 것임)

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